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Events for April 11, 2023

  • PhD Thesis Defense - Hikaru Ibayashi

    Tue, Apr 11, 2023 @ 09:00 AM - 10:30 AM

    Thomas Lord Department of Computer Science

    University Calendar

    PhD Thesis Defense - Hikaru Ibayashi

    Sharpness Analysis of Neural-networks for Physics Simulation

    Committee members:
    Prof. Aiichiro Nakano (Chair), Prof. Yan Liu, Prof. Paulo Branicio (Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science)

    Deep learning has attracted significant attention in recent years due to its remarkable achievements in various applications. However, building effective deep neural networks requires making crucial design choices such as the network architecture, regularization, optimization, and hyperparameter tuning.
    In this dissertation, we focus on the concept of ``sharpness'' of neural networks,
    which refers to neural networks' sensitivity against perturbation on weight parameters. We argue that sharpness is not only a theoretical notion but also has practical use cases that can lead to better generalization and robustness of neural models.

    A major theoretical challenge of defining and measuring sharpness is its scale-sensitivity, i.e., the fact that sharpness can change to the scale transformation of neural networks. In this thesis, we propose a novel definition of sharpness that overcomes this limitation, with provable scale-invariance and extensive empirical validation. By analyzing the relationship between sharpness and model performance, We show how my definition can provide a more objective and accurate characterization of sharpness.

    Another open question in the sharpness analysis is how training algorithms for machine learning models regularize sharpness. In this dissertation, we answer this question by showing that existing training algorithm methods regularize sharpness through what can be called "escaping" behavior, where the optimization process avoids sharp regions in the parameter space. This new explanation demystifies the connection between sharpness and training algorithms, paving the way for more effective and principled approaches to machine learning.

    Finally, we demonstrate the practical benefits of sharpness regularization for physics simulations. We show that neural networks with small sharpness achieve high-fidelity fluid simulation and molecular dynamics. These findings include the significant implication that sharpness is not just a mathematical notion but also a practical tool for building physics-informed neural networks.

    Location: Seaver Science Library (SSL) - 104

    Audiences: Everyone Is Invited

    Contact: Melissa Ochoa

  • ECE-S Seminar - Dr Sabrina Neuman

    Tue, Apr 11, 2023 @ 10:00 AM - 11:00 AM

    Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

    Conferences, Lectures, & Seminars

    Speaker: Dr Sabrina Neuman, Postdoctoral NSF Computing Innovation Fellow | Harvard University

    Talk Title: Designing Computing Systems for Robotics and Physically Embodied Deployments

    Abstract: Emerging applications that interact heavily with the physical world (e.g., robotics, medical devices, the internet of things, augmented and virtual reality, and machine learning on edge devices) present critical challenges for modern computer architecture, including hard real-time constraints, strict power budgets, diverse deployment scenarios, and a critical need for safety, security, and reliability. Hardware acceleration can provide high-performance and energy-efficient computation, but design requirements are shaped by the physical characteristics of the target electrical, biological, or mechanical deployment; external operating conditions; application performance demands; and the constraints of the size, weight, area, and power allocated to onboard computing-- leading to a combinatorial explosion of the computing system design space. To address this challenge, I identify common computational patterns shaped by the physical characteristics of the deployment scenario (e.g., geometric constraints, timescales, physics, biometrics), and distill this real-world information into systematic design flows that span the software-hardware system stack, from applications down to circuits. An example of this approach is robomorphic computing: a systematic design methodology that transforms robot morphology into customized accelerator hardware morphology by leveraging physical robot features such as limb topology and joint type to determine parallelism and matrix sparsity patterns in streamlined linear algebra functional units in the accelerator. Using robomorphic computing, we designed an accelerator for a critical bottleneck in robot motion planning and implemented the design on an FPGA for a manipulator arm, demonstrating significant speedups over state-of-the-art CPU and GPU solutions. Taking a broader view, in order to design generalized computing systems for robotics and other physically embodied applications, the traditional computing system stack must be expanded to enable co-design with physical real-world information, and new methodologies are needed to implement designs with minimal user intervention. In this talk, I will discuss my recent work in designing computing systems for robotics, and outline a future of systematic co-design of computing systems with the real world.

    Biography: Sabrina M. Neuman is a postdoctoral NSF Computing Innovation Fellow at Harvard University. Her research interests are in computer architecture design informed by explicit application-level and domain-specific insights. She is particularly focused on robotics applications because of their heavy computational demands and potential to improve the well-being of individuals in society. She received her S.B., M.Eng., and Ph.D. from MIT. She is a 2021 EECS Rising Star, and her work on robotics acceleration has received Honorable Mention in IEEE Micro Top Picks 2022 and IEEE Micro Top Picks 2023.

    Host: Dr Feifei Qian, feifeiqi@usc.edu | Dr Pierluigi Nuzzo, nuzzo@usc.edu

    Webcast: https://usc.zoom.us/j/98275605184?pwd=NVBvL2hKdEZCRFRSTm1Hb1RWTSs2QT09

    More Information: ECE Seminar Announcement 04.11.2023 - Sabrina Neuman.pdf

    Location: Hughes Aircraft Electrical Engineering Center (EEB) - EEB 132

    WebCast Link: https://usc.zoom.us/j/98275605184?pwd=NVBvL2hKdEZCRFRSTm1Hb1RWTSs2QT09

    Audiences: Everyone Is Invited

    Contact: Miki Arlen

  • CS Colloquium: Ruishan Liu (Stanford University) - Machine learning for precision medicine

    Tue, Apr 11, 2023 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM

    Thomas Lord Department of Computer Science

    Conferences, Lectures, & Seminars

    Speaker: Ruishan Liu, Stanford University

    Talk Title: Machine learning for precision medicine

    Series: CS Colloquium

    Abstract: Toward a new era of medicine, our mission is to benefit every patient with individualized medical care. This talk explores how machine learning can make precision medicine more effective and diverse. I will first discuss Trial Pathfinder, a computational framework to optimize clinical trial designs (Liu et al. Nature 2021). Trial Pathfinder simulates synthetic patient cohorts from medical records, and enables inclusive criteria and data valuation. In the second part, I will discuss how to leverage large real-world data to identify genetic biomarkers for precision oncology (Liu et al. Nature Medicine 2022), and how to use language models and causal inference to form individualized treatment plans.

    This lecture satisfies requirements for CSCI 591: Research Colloquium

    Biography: Ruishan Liu is a postdoctoral researcher in Biomedical Data Science at Stanford University, working with Prof. James Zou. She received her PhD in Electrical Engineering at Stanford University in 2022. Her research lies in the intersection of machine learning and applications in human diseases, health and genomics. She was the recipient of Stanford Graduate Fellowship, and was selected as the Rising Star in Data Science by University of Chicago, the Next Generation in Biomedicine by Broad Institute, and the Rising Star in Engineering in Health by Johns Hopkins University and Columbia University. She led the project Trial Pathfinder, which was selected as Top Ten Clinical Research Achievement in 2022 and Finalist for Global Pharma Award in 2021.

    Host: Yan Liu

    Location: Olin Hall of Engineering (OHE) - 132

    Audiences: Everyone Is Invited

    Contact: Assistant to CS chair

  • Health Systems Management Engineering w/ Prof Belson

    Tue, Apr 11, 2023 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM

    Viterbi School of Engineering Graduate Admission

    Workshops & Infosessions

    Join USC Viterbi School of Engineering for a webinar with Prof. David Belson who will highlight the MS in Health Systems Management Engineering program. The webinar will include program details, USC Viterbi's DEN@Viterbi online delivery option, admission requirements, a Q&A session and more!

    WebCast Link: https://uscviterbi.webex.com/weblink/register/r6b04fa55f20586ecc3b6123f81b92148

    Audiences: Everyone Is Invited

    Contact: Corporate & Professional Programs

  • Epstein Institute - ISE 651 Seminar

    Tue, Apr 11, 2023 @ 03:30 PM - 04:50 PM

    Daniel J. Epstein Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering

    Conferences, Lectures, & Seminars

    Speaker: Dr. Alexandre Jacquillat, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Operations Research and Statistics, MIT Sloan

    Talk Title: Optimizing Relay Operations Toward Sustainable Logistics

    Host: Dr. John Carlsson

    More Information: April 11, 2023.pdf

    Location: Ethel Percy Andrus Gerontology Center (GER) - GER 206

    Audiences: Everyone Is Invited

    Contact: Grace Owh