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  • AI Seminar- Human and Machine Conditions Favoring Innovation in Science

    Fri, Apr 12, 2024 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM

    Information Sciences Institute

    Conferences, Lectures, & Seminars

    Speaker: Brian Uzzi, Northwestern University.

    Talk Title: Human and Machine Conditions Favoring Innovation in Science

    Series: AI Seminar

    Abstract: Innovation involves recombining past knowledge. The increasing rate at which scientific knowledge is expanding should bode well for innovation. Nevertheless, problems related to creating replicable science and appraising the merits of new ideas threaten innovation. In study 1, we use artificial intelligence to examine the replication problem in science. We estimate a paper’s replicability using ground truth, manual replication data, and then test the model’s accuracy on an extensive set of out-of-sample studies. The model’s accuracy is better than reviewer base rates and on par with prediction markets. We then conduct a discipline-wide census of replicability in psychology for the past 20 years. Replicability failures varies widely by subfield and is highest for experimental studies and papers receiving media coverage. In study 2, we investigate how the merits of innovative ideas communicated in science. Here we conduct semantic analyses of grant application success with a focus on scientific promotional language, which purportedly helps to convey an innovative idea’s originality. Our analysis examines the full text of tens of thousands of both funded and unfunded grants from three leading public and private funding agencies. We find promotional language in a grant proposal is associated with up to a doubling in its probability of being funded, with a grant’s intrinsic innovativeness, and with its predicted citation impact and productivity. Lastly, a computer experiments that substitute a grant’s promotional language with neutral synonyms indicates that promotional language may communicate the merits of ideas through cognitive activation.

    Biography: Brian Uzzi the Richard L. Thomas Distinguished Professor of Leadership at the Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University. He also is Co-Director of the Northwestern University Institute on Complex Systems and Data Science (NICO), holds professorship in sociology and the McCormick School of Engineering, and writes a column on AI and business for Forbes. Brian’s work focuses on the link between social networks and human achievement and the role of AI in mind + machine partnerships. Brian has been awarded over 30 teaching and research prizes worldwide, including the Euler Award. He has been on the faculties of Harvard, INSEAD, University of Chicago, and Berkeley, and is a Fellow of the Network Science Society. His work has been funded by DARPA, NSF, and other foundations, is widely cited, and appears frequently in major media outlets worldwide. Before entering science, Brian worked as a carpenter and a musician. His PhD is from Stony Brook University in sociology.

    Host: Zhuoyu Shi and Karen Lake

    More Info: https://www.isi.edu/events/4641/ai-seminar-human-and-machine-conditions-favoring-innovation-in-science/

    Webcast: https://usc.zoom.us/j/95888595423?pwd=VHBLa041dUJWcWx0NEhuYmQrV29ZQT09

    Location: Information Science Institute (ISI) - Virtual Only

    WebCast Link: https://usc.zoom.us/j/95888595423?pwd=VHBLa041dUJWcWx0NEhuYmQrV29ZQT09

    Audiences: Everyone Is Invited

    Contact: Pete Zamar

    Event Link: https://www.isi.edu/events/4641/ai-seminar-human-and-machine-conditions-favoring-innovation-in-science/

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